Sometimes, we feel as if those bygone good memories are just some portion of another life and those bad ones with bulky eyes and aching hearts are the ones we want to swish right away!
Memory and forgetfulness are two amazing things we have. I mean if you learn something now, you will remember only 34% of it after an hour and 25% of it after a month! That’s how fast we forget things!
Memory has a different power. How we remember our best day, throughout our lives, is incredible!
So we have three types of memory that are pretty easy to understand:
1. Do you remember the time in Diwali when the entire house is filled with the aroma of sweets and snacks? Do you remember the time when you went to a crowded place, maybe a fair or something, and saw so so many people? We don’t remember either of these, we just remember the experience.
We can describe those aromas and a few people have seen but not truly feel it again. This is the work of our Sensory Memory. We can remember a very sweet voice for a second (which is your auditory or echoic memory) and we can remember the face of our new neighbour seen for the first time for two seconds (which is our visual or iconic memory). These are sensory memories and it is hence taken from our sensory organs! How wonderfully for a second we could remember the way rainshower felt on our skin!
2. Your mom has got a new phone number and you have tried learning it. If I ask you after 20-30 seconds, you will probably have forgotten that! Because that is the capacity of your Short Term Memory or STM. If you would have revised it then probably you could have answered! Now in short-term memory, we can fit only 7digits or letters. The phone number is 10. Hence after the seventh number, you won’t remember and the process of replacing will take place wherein the new numbers will replace the earlier ones!
To increase this capacity, George Miller had come with a grouping method wherein let’s say you group the phone number in five groups have two digits each. Now it becomes easier! Your STM capacity increases and it goes to the long term memory
3. Do you remember the best day of your life? Okay, the worst one too? The way some friendships began? The time you had a very bad physical hurt? Do you remember to do addition, division? And the name of the states of your country?
This is your Long Term Memory also called the LTM.
Now, this long-term memory has three types given by Tulwing and it will make your concept clear!
i) You remember the best and worst days of your life, your bygone school or college days, the names of your teachers, why? It is the work of your Episodic Memory, which is a type of LTM. Episodic memory saves all the ‘episodes’ or happenings of your life in a nice safe place.
Are you too wondering how our mind can store legit all of this?
ii)You remember to add, subtract, the name of the states, some symbols, the alphabets, right? It’s the work of your Semantic memory, the second type of LTM. Now, this memory stores all your, obvious and learned information, all knowledge related to obvious and learned information. It is because of this memory that you don’t forget to add or divide even after you complete college or that you don’t forget the language you learned!
iii) Lastly, you still remember to ride a bicycle, also the sports activities you played, you remember all the things you learned well and properly, maybe cooking, or dancing or origami. This is procedural memory, the last type of LTM. So this memory as you can see saves all the procedures be it how to brush your teeth, how to walk, the habits you learned, and activities you have done.
These all were the three major types of memory and it is incredible how we can use them anywhere, anytime with neurons flashing in the brain, and you remember it.
Hope this article was informative and helpful for you! Comment down your views!